Innovation in the public sector

Innovation in the public sector11 minutes of reading


On December 22, 2022, the National Innovation Center (NIC), the Ministry of Planning and Investment, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) organized the Workshop on "Innovation in the region". public sector” to introduce the pilot framework for evaluating innovation in the public sector in Vietnam.

Over the past decade, Vietnam has made remarkable achievements in developing a modern economy based on innovation and applying advances in science and technology. The report of the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022 published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) on the morning of September 30 (Hanoi time) showed that Vietnam ranked 48th out of 132 countries and economies. economy and among the group of countries that have made the greatest progress over the past decade. According to studies at the Vietnam Venture Summit 2022 (Vietnam Venture Summit 2022), Vietnam is one of the three main pillars of the Southeast Asian Startup Golden Triangle for investment in innovation in general and startups. industry in particular. Accordingly, in the first 9 months of 2022, Vietnam has attracted nearly 500 million USD in investment in innovation startups. The number of investment deals in the later rounds of capital is higher than the same period in 2021, a large number of Vietnamese startups are gradually growing, attracting larger capital over the years. [1][2].

It can be said that Vietnam's innovation ecosystem has begun to form and achieved positive results in recent times, especially in the private sector. However, in order to build a sustainable and synchronous innovation ecosystem, international experience shows that the participation of the public sector to each cadre, civil servant and public employee is a key factor to create create an effective innovation ecosystem. 

The promotion and improvement of public sector performance is a key objective of Governments. Building the capacity to identify and evaluate innovation capacity in the public sector, especially in policy formulation and service delivery, is necessary for public policies and services to be targeted and meet needs. community better and more effectively. Innovation becomes important when traditional approaches cannot solve complex and intractable problems facing society. After a process of research and in-depth consultation based on international and domestic experiences, realizing the important significance of the need for a framework of criteria for evaluating innovation in the public sector, the National Innovation Center (NIC), Ministry of Planning and Investment, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Vietnam to develop a pilot framework of innovation criteria in the public sector in Vietnam. This research project is part of the Innovation for People Initiative (CPII) under the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) research program, with major funding coming from the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Foreign Affairs and Trade Australia (DFAT).

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Mr. Vu Quoc Huy, Director of NIC gave the opening speech of the workshop (NIC photo)

Attending the workshop were representatives of leadership (NIC) along with representatives from UNDP Vietnam, Australian Embassy in Vietnam, leaders of local Departments, Departments, Sectors and expert groups of NIC. Opening the program, Mr. Vu Quoc Huy emphasized that: “The pilot framework of innovation criteria in the public sector was developed to provide an overview in conceptualizing and measuring innovation and innovation capacity in the region. public sector. At the same time, testing the criteria framework helps units in the public sector to clearly see the innovation level and motivation of their units. In the future, the Experiment of the Innovation Criteria Framework in the Public Sector is expected to be a reliable measure for units and organizations in the public sector to self-assess their innovation capacity, thereby adjusting and implementing them. develop appropriate solutions based on recommendations developed by NIC experts”.

In the presentation "Innovation in the public sector and some suggestions in Vietnam", Mr. Vo Xuan Hoai, Deputy Director of the National Innovation Center, emphasized the importance of innovation in the public sector, which includes impacts and dynamics affecting the innovation environment in Vietnam as well as opportunities and challenges of innovation work in the public sector. According to Mr. Vo Xuan Hoai, innovation will contribute to increasing the competitiveness of the economy, helping green economic growth, expanding cooperation relations, and bringing value to all people in the next 10 years.

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Mr. Vo Xuan Hoai, Deputy Director of NIC, presented the presentation (NIC photo).
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Experts and guests shared and exchanged many ideas in the panel discussion (NIC photo).

In addition, in the discussion part, invited guests who are representatives of state management agencies, organizations and enterprises to attend the program had an open discussion with experts to better understand innovation in Vietnam. public sector and Experimental framework of innovation criteria in the public sector. 

After more than 6 months of accompanying Government Lab Studio and Hackathon series of programs, the framework of criteria (experimental) was officially introduced at the Workshop "Innovation in the public sector" on December 22, 2022. at the headquarters of the National Innovation Center with 04 main pillars, including: (1) innovation inputs, (2) innovation capacity, (3) innovation process and (4) outputs. Innovation.

Initial results from the pilot survey at the Department of Foreign Investment, the Business Registration Administration and the Procurement Administration of the Ministry of Planning and Investment; and the Departments of Planning and Investment of Quang Ninh, Ninh Thuan and the Department of Home Affairs of Dak Lak province have shown some encouraging signals such as: First, about 36% respondents of the Ministry of Planning and Investment and 27% respondents. asked in 3 provinces that their units have innovated products and services in the past 2 years; Individual 55%s at ministerial-level units and individual 60%s at provincial-level units believe that the unit implements process innovation and innovation above all in order to improve its efficiency and effectiveness. Second, the proportion of human resources that meet the requirements of the proposal and implementation of innovation is quite high. Third, more than 50% individuals were surveyed and assessed that the innovation process and procedures are quick and flexible. Fourth, about 68.2% individuals at ministerial level and 35.7% individuals at provincial level think that their units already have innovation strategies, mainly medium-term strategies.

However, innovation activities in the public sector still have limitations such as provincial units having less budget, facing more difficulties in financing innovation and receiving less financial support to implement innovation. .

The workshop contributed to support and promote the development of the national innovation network, in which the public sector is a particularly important element.

In the past time, the National Innovation Center has cooperated with the German International Cooperation Organization (GIZ) to build a set of innovative enterprise indexes and research and develop reports and policies on innovation and start-up. industry in Vietnam. On that basis, the Center proposes that the Government and relevant agencies have appropriate supporting mechanisms and policies to encourage innovative businesses. Besides, the Center also cooperates with Meta Group to organize the Vietnam Innovation Challenge program. This is an annual program within the framework of the InnovateVN Initiative, with the goal of finding innovative solutions from organizations/individus around the world to solve important challenges of national importance. to the prosperous and sustainable development of Vietnam. 

From the above meanings and results, in the coming time, the Ministry of Planning and Investment in general and the National Innovation Center in particular will continue to coordinate with domestic and foreign agencies and partners. to mobilize resources to support the public sector to overcome difficulties and barriers for the successful implementation of Solar Power.


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